An article on evaluation of dosage forms. Viscosity measurement: Viscosity is a property of liquids that is directly Higher the .. to be absorbed from a solid dosage form after oral administration, it must first be in solution, and. To conform the requirements of pharmaceutical oral liquids during manufacturing , in-process quality control (IPQC) tests are done as per. at developing oral administrable soft gels (liquid fill). pharmaceutical .. Table No Evaluation parameters of EVG liquid fill formulations.

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From the studies, it can be concluded that VAL liquid filling formulations for soft gels were successfully prepared with in vitro dissolution properties superior when compared to VAL itself.

Suspensions are generally taken orally or by parental route. They are usually aqueous and pf oily drops. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Aqueous solutions with a pleasant taste and odour liiquid to make clean and deodorize the buccal cavity. Nasal drops should be isotonic having neutral pH and viscosity similar to nasal secretions by using methyl alcohol [ 57 – 60 ].

They are available in monophasic and biphasic forms. The authors are thankful to Aurobindo Pharma Ltd.

Syrups used in formulation of antibiotics, saline drugs, vitamins, antitussives, sedatives [ 31 – 35 ]. Liquid filling formulations were prepared using PEGPG as water miscible solvents either alone or in combination, and water or ethanol as vehicle, with and without PVP K 30 and antioxidants.

De Matos Jensen, R. The pH of evaluahion formulations was about 6. Liniments contain medicaments possessing analgesic, rubefacient, soothing, counter irritant or stimulating properties. Liquid dosage forms are formulated to release the active principle immediately after oral administration to obtain rapid and complete systemic drug absorption when compared to oral route.



Formulations were prepared using excipients like evaluatkon glycol PEGpropylene glycol PGpolyvinylpyrrolidone PVP Kantioxidants, ethanol, and purified water. July 25, ; Accepted: Emulsion in which oil is I the dispersed phase whereas water is in the continuous phase. The formulations F1—F11 were homogeneous and colorless and no precipitation of drug was observed. Liqui these preparations contain potent medications the dose must be measured accurately [ 42 – 45 ].

Hence, the present investigation was aimed at developing oral administrable soft gel liquid filling pharmaceutical formulations of VAL with improved dissolution properties. The formulations of all samples were simply placed onto the ATR crystal and each sample spectrum was collected.

Liquid Dosage Forms

Subscribe to Table of Contents Alerts. The liquid which consists of two phases are known as biphasic liquids. Uniform distribution of active ingredient is very important to achieve dose uniformity. Alcohol helps in penetration of medicament in to the skin and also increases its counterirritant or rubefacient action.

Preparation and Evaluation of Valsartan Liquid Filling Formulations for Soft Gels

The eye drops are usually made in ilquid vehicle. Tolu syrup is preferred in certain cases because of its aromatic odour and flavor [ 39 – 41 ]. The solid particles act as disperse phase whereas liquid vehicle acts as the continuous phase.

The viscosity measurements were made in triplicate using fresh samples each time. Overall, all the liquid filling formulations gave higher release rate constant values when compared to pure VAL. Sterile solution or suspensions of drugs that are instilled in to the eye with a dropper. The drug is rapidly absorbed after oral administration and median evaluatiln of 2.

Liquid and semi liquid preparations meant for application to the skin. Hence, the selection of appropriate rpm was important in the development of soft gel formulations. Emulsion for external use: Evaluation parameters for VAL liquid filling formulations. Water is mainly used as a liquir for majority of monophasic liquid dosage forms. However, after 3 months, formulations F7, F8, and F9 containing PVP K 30 and antioxidants, a color change pale yellow color was observed, but no precipitation of drug.

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Stability testing is performed to ensure that drug products retain their fitness for use until the end of their expiration date. Wool wax, resins, beeswax and soaps formed from divalent bases like calcium, magnesium and zinc are used as an oralw agent.

Journal of Pharmaceutics

The present investigation includes the preparation of liquid filling formulations for soft gels using an antihypertensive drug, valsartan VALin order to improve its dissolution properties and thereby its bioavailability.

Aqueous solutions used to prevent or treat throat infections.

It forms the film around the globules in order to scatter them indefinitely in the continuous phase, So that a stable emulsion is formed [ 86 – 90 ]. From the literature review, it is clearly evident that most of the works were published with cyclodextrin inclusion complexation [ 7 ], solid dispersions [ 89 ], self-microemulsifying drug delivery system [ 10 ], and other solubilization technologies for improving the solubility, dissolution, bioavailability, and pharmacokinetic properties of VAL.

They are also used for external application [ 81 – 85 ]. Biphasic liquid preparation containing two immiscible liquids, one of which is dispersed as minute globules in to the other. The oil soluble hormones vitamin A,D and K are administered as intravenous injection. Comparative in vitro dissolution profile for F4, F8, and F9.

The emulsified oils are also injected as diagnostic aids. All the liquid filling formulations showed good physicochemical properties.

It helps to prolong the action of a drug. When a drug is emulsified its rate of penetration through the skin may get reduced.